Showing posts from July, 2014


Iltutmish was remarkably hand-some in appearance and shed signs of intelligence and sagacity from his early days. His accomplishments attracted the notice of Qutbuddin, then Viceroy of Delhi, who purchased him at a high price. By dint of his merits,Iltutmish  raised his status step by step till he was made the governor and was married to a daughter of Qutbuddin.

    It was during the reign of Iltutmish  , in the year A.D 1221, that the Mongols appeared for the first time on the banks of the Indus, under their celebrated leader Chengis khan. He was not merely a conqueror. He overran the countries of central and western Asia with lightning rapidity.

   Iltutmish  may justly be regarded as the greatest ruler of the early Turkish Sultanate of Delhi, which lasted till A.D 1290. An intrepid warrior and a stern chastiser of foes, he was busy till the last year of his life in military conquests. The completion of the structure of the famous Qutb Minar at Delhi by the Sultan in AD 1231-123…

H- Humayun

Three days after the death of Babur, Humayun ascended the throne of India at the age of 23. The situation at his accession was not very easy. he was confronted with several hostile forces on all sides, disguised and so the more dangerous. There was hardly any unity in the royal family.

   A ruler, possessed of military genius, diplomatic skill, and political wisdom, was the need of honor. But humayun lacked all these.In fact, he himself proved to be his worst enemy.

   Fortune, however, favored Humayun in his early wars, before the hostile forces had grown uncontrollable. he gained a decesive victory over the Afghans and drove out sultan Mahmud Lodi .The next stage was marked by his ill-fated conflicts with Sher Shah.

1. Basic facts on history- Manoj publications.
2.Contemporary India- 10th CBSE book
3. Image: google