Wednesday, April 23

D-Dhana Nanda

Dhana Nanda was the last ruler of the Nanda dynasty.He was one of the nine sons of the Mahapadma Nanda After him the crown went to Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of a new and more illustrious dynasty. To Amass the treasure and maintain a huge force,the king had to resort to heavy taxation.

His conduct towards people bespoke his low origin.It is clear that the Dhana Nanda dynasty was very unpopular among the people and the neighboring states, few possible explanations of the unpopularity could be their varna,  Nanda Kings were said to be of shudra caste and the other reason being their financial extortion.It is therefore no wonder that he was "destested and held cheap by hissubjects".
The people of his kingdom feared him so much that they began taking refugee far away from his kingdom in caves and under trees.

The disaffected element found a new leader on Chandragupta who overthrew the nanda dynasty, and laid the foundation of the Mauryas. The exact circumstances surrounding the death of Dhana Nanda are unclear. Some accounts suggest that Dhanananda was killed by Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan Empire, after the latter captured Pataliputra, the capital of Nandas. Other accounts however suggest that after Pataliputra was stealthily captured by Chanakya, Dhana Nanda was sent into exile and was never heard of again.

 It is also suggested that Dhana Nanda was killed on Chanakya's orders during exile, thus clearing the path for Chandragupta's kingship.Some other accounts also suggest that as Dhana Nanda had taken to Buddhism before exile, he renounced life completely after his clan was wiped out in a coup; thus not being a threat to Chanakya's plans and therefore was allowed to live.

Image: google.
references: wikipedia
2.Basic facts on history

Tuesday, April 22

C-Chandra Gupta I


       The first Chandra Gupta of the new line, through the third member of his dynasty to be mentioned in inscriptions, to be the founder of the Gupta Dynasty. Like the great Bimbisara he strengthened his position by a matrimonial alliance with the powerful family of lichchhavis then controlling portions of bihar and perhaps even nepal. The lichchhavi princess kumaradevi must have brought to her husband's family an enormous accession of power and prestige.

     Before the death of her husband the Gupta sway very probably extended to Allahabad,Oudh and south Bihar. It is believed that the Gupta are commencing from A>D 320 originated with the Chandra gupta I. An important act of this king was the holding of an assembly of councillors and the members of the royal family at which prince Samudra Gupta was formally nominated successor to the imperial throne of the Guptas.

    Chandragupta-I died in 335 A.D. and was succeeded by Samudragupta

NOTE: Chandra Gupta I not to be confused with Chandragupta Maurya.

Image: google.
references: wikipedia
2.Basic facts on history

Monday, April 21


     The Most remarkable king of the Magadha dynasty was Bimbisara, who was anoiinted the king by his father while yet a boy of fifteen.

       In the early Buddhist text we have a list of sixteen great nations that occupied the territory from the kabul valley to the banks of godhavari shortly before the raise of teh Buddhism. The names of these states are Anga(East Bihar), Magadha(South Bihar), kasi(Benaras), Kosala(oudh), Vriji(North Bihar), Malla(Gorakhpur district), Chedi(between jamuna and narmada), vatsa(Allahabad), kuru(Delhi and meerut districts), Panchala(Bareilly, Badaun and farrukhabad districts), and kamboja(south-west kashmir)

      The Magadha was one of the most prominent and prosperous of mahajanapadas. Its earliest capital was Girivraja or Rajagaha (modern Rajgir in Nalanda district of Bihar) Later on, Pataliputrabecame the capital of Magadha.. The other names for the city were Magadhapura, Brihadrathapura, Vasumati, Kushagrapura and Bimbisarapuri, named after the great king.

       Bimbisara pursued a policy of expansion. He pocessed certain advantages denied to many of his contemporaries. He was the ruler of a compact kingdom protected on all sides by the mountains and the rivers. His capital, Girivraja was enclosed by 5 hills.

       Both Vardhamana Mahavira, the last apostle of the jains, and Gautama Buddha, the great Master of the Buddhists, preached their doctrines during the reign of bimbisara.Tradition affirm that in his old age the kingwas murdered bu his son Ajatasatru.

Image: google.
references: wikipedia
2.Basic facts on history

Sunday, April 20

A- Ashoka

  I am taking up the A-Z challenge of writing about the great kings of the world.


       The reign of Bindusara probably terminated in, or within a few years as of, 273 BC. Some four years later according to tradition his Successor was solemnly enthroned at patliputra and died after a reign of 36 years f 37 years, in or about 232 BC. The name of the new king was ASHOKA. He is, however, generally mentioned in his inscriptions as Devanampiya Priyadarsi.

       The kalinga war proved a turning point in the career of Ashoka and produced results of far-reaching consequences in the history of india and the whole of the eastern world.The sight of the whole misery and bloodshed in the Kalinga campaign smote the emperor's conscience and awakened his sincere feelings of repentance and sorrow. It made Asoka intensely devoted to the practice of Dharma the love of Dharma and the instruction of the people of dharma. It also led to a momentous change in the foreign policy.

      Asoka had doubtless inherited the traditional devotion of hindu kings of gods and the brahmanas. His favorite deity was lord Siva.Shortly after the kalinga war he seems to have been greatly influenced by the buddhist teaching. He became a lay worshipper of the Buddha, but for sometime did not show much  zeal for the new faith. He then went out to Sambodhi, taken by some to refer to Bodh-gaya, and also established intimate relations with the Buddhist sangha or order of monk.Contact with the place of enlightenment of the blessed One. his new born zeal showed in self in many ways.He made  a deep study of the buddhist scriptures and undertook many tours.In the course of thesetours he visited the people of the country,instructing them in Dharma and questioning them about the dharma. The royal preacher was highly pleased with the result of his tours.

Ashokas Dharma:

     In one of his inscriptions, Ashoka made an open confession of his faith in the Buddha. He went on pilgrimage to the places of the blessed one's nativity and enlightenment and worshipped at the former place. He declared that whatever had been spoken by the buddha, all that was quite well spoken.he took much interest in the exposition of the buddhist Dharma so that it might long endure.

    But with all his faith in buddhism, Ashoka was not intolerant of other religions.he sought, it is true, to put an end to practices and institutions that he considered to be opposed to the fundamental principles of the morality which, according to him constituted the "essence of all religion". But he never became an enemy of the devas or the Brahmanas or any other religious fraternity.

   In Short, Ashoka was one of the most remarkable personalities in the history of india.He was tireless in his exertions, and flagging in his zeal all directed to the promotion of teh spiritual and moral welfare of his people. He was the statesman who conducted Successfully great military campaign.He preached and practised the virtues of concord, toleration and non-violence. The example of the pious Maurya king exercised an ennobling influence on succeeding generations.

2. Basic facts on history- Manoj publications.
3.Contemporary India- 10th CBSE book